MD OBGYN: The Field & Its Scope

OBGYN is an acrnoym for two related disciplines, where OB is for Obstetrics or Obstetrician and GYN is for Gynecology or Gynecologist. OBGYN is a subspecialty of medicine that addresses all aspects of female reproductive health in both pregnant and non-pregnant women. A physician who focuses on the care of women and their unborn children throughout pregnancy and delivery, is referred to as Obstetrician. A medical professional who focuses on the identification and management of problems relating to female reproduction is referred to as Gynecologist. 

MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology is a three-year, full-time postgraduate programme in medical sciences. The course curriculum entails providing treatment to each patient, whether pregnant or not, as well as a thorough, superior assessment of the entire medical pathology associated with the female reproductive organs. National entrance exams like NEET-PG and INI-CET are used to determine admission to PG OBGYN programmes. In specialty clinics, OPD, wards, labor rooms, and operating rooms, they are expected to do the necessary tests and examination, interpret the results, and carry out medical/surgical management. 

Courses to Pursue a Career in the OBGYN field

  • Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • MD/MS in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • MCh in Gynecological Oncology
  • MCh in Reproductive Medicine & Surgery
  • DNB in Gynecology
  • FNB Reproductive Medicine
  • FNB High-Risk Pregnancy & Perinatology
  • Other Certification courses

OBGYN Sub-specialties

OBGYN has expanded its roots to various fields, including:

  • Maternal-fetal Medicine Specialists
  • Reproductive Endocrinologists
  • Gynecologic Oncologists
  • Female Pelvic Specialists
  • Critical Care Medicine
  • Complex Family Planning
  • Palliative and Hospice Medicine
  • Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
  • Menopausal and Geriatric Gynecology
  • Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

Skills Required by OBGYN Specialists

An OBGYN specialist must have the following skills to excel in their career:

  • You must have a clear understanding of all the fundamentals of the field and all the topics. 
  • You must be aware of the health requirements of women and adolescents and fulfill your professional duties following the National Health Policy’s guiding principles and ethical standards.
  • In the obstetrics and gynecology, you must be able to interpret a variety of laboratory tests and other diagnostic modalities.
  • You must be able to differentiate between an audit and a research study, create a research project, and show that you have the necessary abilities to evaluate scientific data and literature.
  • You must comprehend and follow the medico-legal aspects of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • You should grasp National Health Programmes for Obstetrics and Gynaecology and should be familiar with the relevant Acts and Laws.

Scope and Salary of an Obstetrician/Gynecologist

Obstetrician-Gynecologists are constantly in demand when it comes to employment opportunities, especially as women’s health issues gain more attention. Depending on the severity of the issue, people no longer go to a general practitioner. They exclusively consult professionals, and when issues with the female reproductive system arise, OBGYN doctors are always recommended. They are also in high demand since they deal with pregnancy and delivery. You’ll be able to get employment at academic institutions, government, and private hospitals, and perhaps start your practice. Thus, the OBGYN career prospects are highly lucrative and there are ample opportunities for OBGYN doctors. 

In the medical industry, gynecology is a very profitable and challenging vocation. The location, sector of employment (public or private), level of experience, and specialty all affect a gynecologist’s pay. A gynecologist or OBGYN specialist’s starting salary is between 10 and 12 lakhs per year.

There are several employment opportunities after completing MD in OBGYN and the following are the job profiles associated with:

  • Obstetrician
  • Gynecologist
  • Maternal-fetal medicine specialist 
  • Reproductive endocrinologist
  • Gynecologic oncologist
  • Female pelvic specialist
  • Critical care medicine specialist
  • Professor
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Senior Resident
  • Medical consultant
  • Medical Officer

Medical students can enroll in the best Obstetrics and Gynecology online course to get conceptual clarity of the OBGYN topics. OBGYN MD online course will highly be beneficial for PG OBGYN students as it provides them with clinical case discussions, and surgical techniques demonstrations which upskill their practical and case-solving capabilities. It also helps during ward postings and residency. Also, they get to learn from OBGYN MCQs and video lectures and access OBGYN notes.


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